In the electric vehicle market there is no standardization in the connectors, users find different models and brands, with different configurations and technical characteristics. For this reason, we should keep informed about the compatibilities that exist and the different types of connectors that we will find on public roads or to install in our homes. The different types of connectors are:
- Connector for electric vehicle: Schuko plug (conventional plug). It is compatible with European outlets and meets the CEE 7/4 Type F standard. It has a ground connection, two terminals and supports current of up to 16 amps, so it is only compatible with slow recharges. It is common in some motorcycles and electric bicycles, even in some electric car like the Twizy.
- Connector for electric vehicle: Connector SAE J1772 (Type 1). It is the standard connector in Japan and has been accepted in the European Union and in the American market. It has 5 terminals, two of them current, another two complementary and the last one is the ground. This type of connector has two levels, one of them up to 16 Amps, which would be for slow recharging. The other level is up to 80 Amperes, which corresponds to fast recharge. This connector is for recharging electric vehicles such as the Opel Ampera, Nissan Leaf, Nissan ENV200, Mitsubishi Outlander, Mitsubishi iMiev, Peugeot iON, Citroen C-Zero, Renault Kangoo ZE (type 1), Ford Focuselectric, Toyota Prius Plug in, or the KIA SOUL EV
- Connector for electric vehicle: Connector MENNEKES (Type 2). It is not specific for electric vehicles but its use is very common. It is of German origin, has 7 terminals, of which 4 are for current (three phase), another ground and two for communications. In this type we have the option of two currents, on the one hand monophasic (up to 16 A- slow recharge), and on the other three-phase (up to 63 A / 43,8kW-fast recharge). Suitable for models such as the BMW i3, i8, BYD E6, Renault Zoe, Tesla Model S, Volvo V60 plug-in hybrid, VW Golf plug-in hybrid, VW E-up, Audi A3 E-tron, Mercedes S500 plug-in , Porsche Panamera, or the Renault Kangoo ZE.
- Connector for electric vehicle: Combined single connector or CCS. Created by Germans and North Americans as a standard solution. It has 5 terminals distributed for current, grounding and communication with the network. This type of connector supports both reloads (slow and fast). Manufacturers such as Audi, BMW, Daimler, Porsche and Volkswagen already incorporate this type of connector.
- Conector para vehículo eléctrico: Conector Scame (Tipo 3): Tiene 5 o 7 bornes, dependiendo si la corriente monofásica o trifásica, incluyendo en ambas tierra y comunicación con la red. Admite hasta 32 A, y es para recarga semi-rápida.
- Connector for electric vehicle: Scame connector (Type 3): It has 5 or 7 terminals, depending on the single-phase or three-phase current, including on both earth and communication with the network. It admits up to 32 A, and is for semi-fast recharge.
- Connector for electric vehicle: Connector CHAdeMO Connector: Developed by the Japanese association formed by the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), Nissan, Mitsubishi, Fuji Heavy Industries (Subaru) and Toyota. Designed for fast recharging in direct current, therefore it has 10 terminals, grounding and communication. This connector is for ultra-fast recharges, as it supports up to 200 A. It is equipped for cars such as the Nissan Leaf, Nissan ENV200, Mitsubishi Outlander, Mitsubishi iMiev, Peugeot iON, Citroen CZero, or the KIA SOUL EV.
Fuentes : Endesa y FAEN.